Closing the Gap

Everyone enjoys long and healthy lives

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Everyone enjoys long and healthy lives

Outcome

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people enjoy long and healthy lives.

Target

Close the Gap in life expectancy within a generation, by 2031.

Summary on Target

This is an existing National Indigenous Reform Agreement (NIRA) target with a 2006 baseline.

Baseline data

Baseline data for the target measure is presented below at a national level, and for each state and territory where available. This will show starting points for each target, by jurisdiction.

Table 1.1: Life expectancy estimates(a), Australia, 2005–2007 to 2015–17(b)

Males (years)
Period Indigenous Non-Indigenous
2005-2007(d) 67.5 78.9
2010-2012 69.1 79.7
2015-2017 71.6 80.2
Females (years)
Period Indigenous  Non-Indigenous 
2005-2007(d) 73.1 82.6
2010-2012 73.7 83.1
2015-2017 75.6 83.4

Table 1.2: Life expectancy estimates(a), by state/territory(c), 2005–2007 to 2015–17(b)

Males (years)
  Period Indigenous  Non-Indigenous
NSW 2005-2007(d) 68.3 78.8
2010-2012 70.5 79.8
2015-2017 70.9 80.2
QLD 2005-2007(d) 67.1 78.8
2010-2012 68.7 79.4
2015-2017 72.0 79.8
WA 2005-2007(d) 64.5 79.2
2010-2012 65.0 80.1
2015-2017 66.9 80.3
NT 2005-2007(d) 61.5 75.5
2010-2012 63.4 77.8
2015-2017 66.6 78.1
Females (years)
  Period Indigenous  Non-Indigenous
NSW 2005-2007(d) 74.0 82.6
2010-2012 74.6 83.1
2015-2017 75.9 83.5
QLD 2005-2007(d) 72.7 82.7
2010-2012 74.4 83.0
2015-2017 76.4 83.2
WA 2005-2007(d) 70.0 82.9
2010-2012 70.2 83.7
2015-2017 71.8 83.8
NT 2005-2007(d) 69.4 81.0
2010-2012 68.7 83.1
2015-2017 69.9 82.7

Source

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2018, Life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2015–2017. Australian Bureau of Statistics Cat. No. 3302.0.55.003. Canberra; and ABS 2013, Life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2010–2012. Australian Bureau of Statistics cat. no. 3302.0.55.003. Canberra.

Notes

  1. These tables show the average number of years that a newborn baby could expect to live, assuming current age-specific death rates are experienced through his/her lifetime. ABS produces life expectancy estimates for males and females separately. No estimates are produced for total population.
  2. The ABS publishes life tables and calculates life expectancy for the Australian population and by Indigenous status. These Indigenous estimates are based on three years of data (for example, 2015–2017) to reduce the effect of variations in death rates from year to year. Caution is required when interpreting trends in life expectancy estimates, because of changing rates of Indigenous identification across data collections and variation across geographies and socioeconomic groups.
  3. Life expectancy estimates are produced for New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory only. Due to the small number of Indigenous deaths in Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory, it is not possible to construct separate reliable life tables for these jurisdictions.
  4. 2005-2007 estimates are revised estimates, published with the 2010–12 life expectancy estimates.

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National Target Trajectory

The charts show the non-Indigenous life expectancy projections, Indigenous trajectory to close the gap by 2031, and the life expectancy estimates available for males and females.

Notes

  • The ABS produces life expectancy estimates for males and females separately.
  • The ABS publishes life expectancy estimates by Indigenous status. These estimates are based on three years of data to reduce the effect of variations in death rates from year to year. In the charts, 2006 estimates refer to the 2005-2007 estimates, 2011 estimates refer to 2010-2012 estimates and 2016 refer to 2015-2017 estimates produced by the ABS. The 2005-2007 estimates are revised estimates, published with the 2010–12 life expectancy estimates.
  • Indigenous life expectancy estimates are produced for New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory only. Due to the small numbers involved, it is not possible to construct separate and reliable life tables for Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory.

Source

National Indigenous Reform Agreement Performance Information Management Group; Australian Bureau of Statistics 2018, Life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2015–2017. Australian Bureau of Statistics Cat. No. 3302.0.55.003. Canberra; and ABS 2013, Life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2010–2012. Australian Bureau of Statistics cat. no. 3302.0.55.003. Canberra.