Families and households are safe

13
Families and households are safe

Outcome

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families and households are safe.

Target

By 2031, the rate of all forms of family violence and abuse against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and children is reduced at least by 50%, as progress towards zero.

Summary on Target

Target: By 2031, the rate of all forms of family violence and abuse against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and children is reduced at least by 50%, as progress towards zero.

Domain

Children, families and justice

Outcome

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families and households are safe

Target measure (Baseline and Trajectory data)

The target reflects the aspiration of the Partnership to reduce all forms of family violence against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and children. Currently, national data is available only for the rate of prevalence of physical violence against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women from the ABS surveys of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. The Partnership has agreed to use this data for the target baseline and trajectory.

Numerator

Number of Indigenous females aged 15 and over who experienced physical harm and/or threats of physical harm in the previous 12 months where the perpetrator was a family member

Denominator

Number of Indigenous females aged 15 and over who were present at interview

Computation

100 x (numerator ÷ denominator)

Data source 

  • ABS National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey data

Notes

  • Family Violence (physical or threatened physical harm includes perpetrators who are a current partner, previous partner, boyfriend, girlfriend, date, ex-boyfriend, ex-girlfriend, parent, child, sibling or other family member.
  • Physical harm refers to any incident where a person was physically hurt or harmed by someone on purpose, including physical fights. Other forms of abuse (e.g. sexual, emotional, psychological) are not included.
  • Threatened physical harm refers to threats of physical harm that occurred either face-to-face or non-face-to-face (e.g. via instant message/social networking sites, text message, phone, email or writing).
  • Due to the sensitive nature of the questions, responses were not compulsory, and a person may have chosen not to answer some or any of the questions. Not stated responses are included in the denominator.
  • The physical harm and threatened physical harm data collected in the 2018–19 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS) is not comparable to other ABS data sources collecting similar data (e.g. it is not comparable to the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, General Social Survey, or Personal Safety Survey). Thus, historical time trend data is not available, nor are comparisons with non-Indigenous Australians.
  • For further information see: ABS 2019. National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, 2018–19. Physical and threatened physical harm data (Appendix). ABS cat. no. 4715.0. Canberra: ABS.

Baseline data

Baseline data for the target measure is presented below at the national level, and for each state and territory. This will show starting points for the target, by jurisdiction.

Table 1: Proportion of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander females aged 15 and over who experienced domestic physical or threatened physical harm in the last 12 months(a), by State and Territory, NATSIHS 2018-19

 

NSW

VIC

QLD

SA

WA

TAS

NT

ACT

Australia

 

Estimates (000s)

Yes, experienced domestic physical or threatened physical harm in the last 12 months

8.9

*1.4

4.5

1.0

2.8

*0.8

1.8

**0.2

21.7

No, did not experience domestic physical or threatened physical harm in the last 12 months

79.8

17.1

64.5

12.8

28.1

8.7

21.7

2.4

235.4

Total(b)

88.6

18.7

70.2

13.9

31.1

9.6

23.9

2.7

258.7

 

Proportions (%)

Yes, experienced domestic physical or threatened physical harm in the last 12 months

10.0

7.5

6.4

7.2

9.0

8.3

7.5

#7.4

8.4

No, did not experience domestic physical or threatened physical harm in the last 12 months

90.1

91.4

91.9

92.1

90.4

90.6

90.8

88.9

91.0

Total(b)

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

Relative Standard Error of Estimates (%)

Yes, experienced domestic physical or threatened physical harm in the last 12 months

21.3

26.5

22.1

24.5

18.8

32.4

18.3

np

10.6

No, did not experience domestic physical or threatened physical harm in the last 12 months

2.7

2.7

2.1

4.3

2.2

3.0

2.0

5.3

1.2

Total(b)

1.3

1.4

1.3

3.2

0.9

1.9

1.3

2.2

0.6

 

Margin of Error of Proportions (%)

Yes, experienced domestic physical or threatened physical harm in the last 12 months

4.2

3.9

2.8

3.4

3.3

5.3

2.7

np

1.7

No, did not experience domestic physical or threatened physical harm in the last 12 months

4.2

4.1

2.9

5.2

3.5

4.1

2.7

8.4

1.8

Total(b)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.  No reliance should be placed on small cells.

* Estimate has a relative standard error of between 25% and 50% and should be used with caution.

** Estimate has a relative standard error greater than 50% and is considered too unreliable for general use.

# Proportion has a high margin of error and should be used with caution.

np -  not available for publication

Note (a): Domestic physical or threatened physical harm includes perpetrators who are a current partner, previous partner, boyfriend, girlfriend, date, ex-boyfriend, ex-girlfriend, parent, child, sibling or other family member. Not comparable to other survey years.

Note (b): Total for Australia includes 'not stated'.

Source: ABS National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey 2018-19

Contextual data

Table 2 shows data on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women who experienced physical or threatened harm whether the perpetrator was a family member or a non-family member (friend, neighbour, work/school colleague, known by sight only, other known, a stranger or Not Stated).

Table 2: Proportion of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander females aged 15 and over who experienced physical or threatened physical harm in the last 12 months by State and Territory, NATSIHS 2018-19(a)

 

NSW

VIC

QLD

SA

WA

TAS

NT

ACT

Australia

 

Estimates (000s)

Yes experienced physical and/or threatened physical harm

14.0

2.8

7.8

2.0

4.8

1.6

2.9

*0.7

36.7

No, did not experience physical and/or threatened physical harm

74.0

15.7

61.3

11.8

25.9

8.0

20.7

1.9

219.9

Total(b)

88.6

18.7

70.2

13.9

31.1

9.6

23.9

2.7

258.7

 

Proportions (%)

Yes experienced physical and/or threatened physical harm

15.8

15.0

11.1

14.4

15.4

16.7

12.1

#25.9

14.2

No, did not experience physical and/or threatened physical harm

83.5

84.0

87.3

84.9

83.3

83.3

86.6

#70.4

85.0

Total(b)

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

Relative Standard Error of Estimates (%)

Yes experienced physical and/or threatened physical harm

15.4

19.0

15.5

19.2

14.7

21.7

14.2

39.7

7.5

No, did not experience physical and/or threatened physical harm

3.3

3.6

2.5

5.6

3.0

4.1

2.3

14.4

1.5

Total(b)

1.3

1.4

1.3

3.2

0.9

1.9

1.3

2.2

0.6

 

Margin of Error of Proportions (%)

Yes experienced physical and/or threatened physical harm

4.7

5.6

3.4

5.3

4.4

7.1

3.3

20.1

2.1

No, did not experience physical and/or threatened physical harm

4.9

5.4

3.6

7.7

4.7

5.9

3.2

19.6

2.3

Total(b)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.  No reliance should be placed on small cells.

* Estimate has a relative standard error of between 25% and 50% and should be used with caution.

# Proportion has a high margin of error and should be used with caution.

Note (a): Data is not strictly comparable with NATSISS

Note (b): Total for Australia includes 'not stated'.

Source: ABS National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, 2018-19

Historical data

Table 3 shows data on all physical violence against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women (whether the perpetrator was a family member or a non-family member), based on the ABS’ National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey 2014-15 and 2008. The data is not comparable to the& 2018-19 NATSIHS data (Tables 1 and 2 above).

Table 3: Proportion of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander females aged 15 and over who experienced physical or threatened physical violence in the last 12 months by State and Territory, NATSISS 2014-15 and 2008(a)

 

NSW

VIC

QLD

SA

WA

TAS

NT

ACT

Australia

 

Proportions (%)

2014-15

Yes experienced physical and/or threatened physical harm

22.4

23.4

24.8

27.3

27.7

20.9

16.6

22.7

23.5

No, did not experience physical and/or threatened physical harm

78.3

75.4

75.1

72.7

73.7

77.9

83.0

77.3

76.6

Total(b)

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

2008

Yes experienced physical and/or threatened physical harm

25.6

29.3

22.7

25.8

27.8

23.8

21.2

23.6

24.7

No, did not experience physical and/or threatened physical harm

74.4

70.7

76.8

74.2

72.2

76.2

78.5

76.4

75.1

Total(b)

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. No reliance should be placed on small cells.

(a) Data is not strictly comparable with NATSIHS data

(b) Total for Australia includes 'not stated'.

Source: ABS National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, 2014-15, 2008.

National Target Trajectory

The national target trajectory presented below reflects a linear trajectory for halving the rate of physical violence against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women over the next decade[1]. In practice, the rate of progress is unlikely to be the same from year to year.

The physical harm and threatened physical harm data collected in the 2018–19 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS) is not comparable to other ABS data sources collecting similar data (e.g., it is not comparable to the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, General Social Survey, or Personal Safety Survey). This means that historical trend data and comparable data for non-Indigenous population are not available for this measure.

Summary Table On Trajectory Chart

Line label

Line

Method/assumptions

Annual change (percentage points)

2031 rate (%)

Indigenous rate

Yellow circle

Percentage of females aged 15 and over who experienced physical harm and/or threat of physical harm in the previous 12 months where the perpetrator was a family member (2018-19 data).

. .

. .

Target trajectory

Blue dashed

Straight line projection from 2018-19 value to the target rate in 2031.

0.35

4.2

Notes:

Baseline data are from the 2018-19 NATSIHS, conducted between July 2018 and April 2019. The calendar year in which this period ends (2019) has been used in the trajectory graph and calculations. Comparable data are not available for earlier periods.

Data include violence where perpetrators were a current partner, previous partner, boyfriend, girlfriend, date, ex-boyfriend, ex-girlfriend, parent, child, sibling or other family member

Based on analysis methods and templates developed by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).