Closing the Gap

People can secure appropriate, affordable housing that is aligned with their priorities and need

9
People can secure appropriate, affordable housing that is aligned with their priorities and need

Outcome

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people secure appropriate, affordable housing that is aligned with their priorities and need.

Target

By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in appropriately sized (not overcrowded) housing to 88 per cent.

Summary on Target

Target: By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in appropriately sized (not overcrowded) housing to 88 per cent.
Domain: Housing
Outcome: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people secure appropriate, affordable housing that is aligned with their priorities and need.
Numerator: Number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in dwellings that do not require any additional bedrooms, using criteria based on the Canadian National Occupancy Standard.
Denominator: Total number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
Computation: 100 x (numerator ÷ denominator)
  • Data are for people enumerated in private dwellings, who reported being ‘at home’ on Census night.
  • Excludes people living in private dwellings for which the number of bedrooms required/spare could not be determined.
Data source: ABS Census of Population and Housing
Notes: Data also available from ABS Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey. These data can be used as supplementary data source to monitor progress, particularly in intercensal years.

Prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).

Baseline data

Baseline data for the target measure is presented below at a national level, and for each state and territory where available. This will show starting points for each target, by jurisdiction.

Table 9.1: Appropriately sized (not overcrowded) housing, proportion of persons(a) living in appropriately sized dwellings, 1996–2016(b)(c)(d)

Indigenous %
Year NSW VIC QLD WA SA TAS ACT NT Australia(e)
2001 80.7 84.0 69.7 63.3 71.0 89.1 87.6 31.6 69.2
2006 83.4 85.8 72.5 68.5 76.0 88.5 91.3 34.1 72.8
2011 83.9 86.6 74.6 69.2 78.5 89.9 87.6 34.5 74.6
2016 85.9 87.6 79.4 75.2 82.5 89.9 91.6 38.4 78.9
Non-Indigenous %
Year NSW VIC QLD WA SA TAS ACT NT Australia(e)
2001 91.6 93.1 94.7 96.3 95.3 95.4 96.3 91.5 93.5
2006 92.8 94.1 95.1 96.9 95.7 95.4 96.6 92.5 94.3
2011 91.7 93.4 94.9 96.0 95.1 95.3 95.9 91.1 93.6
2016 90.4 92.8 94.6 95.5 94.6 95.2 95.1 90.2 92.9

Source

Australian Census of Population and Housing, 1996-2016.

Notes

  1. This table shows the proportion of persons living in appropriately sized (not overcrowded) dwellings. Appropriately sized dwellings are those where no extra bedrooms are required to adequately house the usual residents. This is based on the Canadian National Occupancy Standard. Denominator excludes dwellings with Housing Suitability not stated or unable to be determined.
  2. Geographical variables in this table are based on a person's Place of Usual Residence. Persons who were not enumerated at their place of usual residence have been excluded from this data.
  3. This table excludes overseas visitors.
  4. Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. No reliance should be placed on small cells.
  5. Includes Other Territories

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National Target Trajectory

The national target trajectories presented below reflect the possible rate of progress over the next decade to achieve the target. In practice, the rate of progress is unlikely to be the same from year to year.

The target trajectory can be compared with the two related trajectories: the projected rates of progress for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians based on the assumption the historic rate of change will continue into the future.

Prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).

Source

AIHW analysis of Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Census of Population and Housing.

Summary Table On Trajectory Chart

Line label Line Method/assumptions Annual change (percentage points) 2031 rate (%)
Historical trend: Non-Indigenous rate

Dark purple solid
Dark purple solid

Percentage of non-Indigenous Australians living in appropriately sized dwellings, 4 data points (2001, 2006, 2011, and 2016). -0.05 . .
Continuation of 2016 non-Indigenous rate

Dark purple dashed
Dark purple dashed

Fixed rate for non-Indigenous Australians assumed at 2016 level for all future years (historical data suggest little change).

0.0
(capped at 2016 rate)

92.9
Historical trend: Indigenous rate

Light blue solid
Light blue solid

Percentage of Indigenous Australians living in appropriately sized dwellings, 4 data points (2001, 2006, 2011, and 2016). 0.6 . .
Continuation of historical trend: Indigenous

Light blue dashed
Light blue dashed

Straight line projection based on linear regression of historical data for Indigenous Australians (using 4 data points)(a). 0.6 87.8
Target trajectory

Orange dashed
Orange dashed

Straight line projection from 2016 value to the target rate in 2031. 0.6 88.0

. . = not applicable.

  1. Based on a linear regression of historical data. As such, the projection captures drivers of historical growth rates such as population growth or government funding. Doing projections in this manner assumes that the drivers of growth will not vary greatly into the future.

Prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).

Source

AIHW analysis of Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Census of Population and Housing.