Closing the Gap

Strong economic participation and development of people and their communities

8
Strong economic participation and development of people and their communities

Outcome

Strong economic participation and development of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and communities.

Target

By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 25-64 who are employed to 62 per cent.

Summary on Target

Target: By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 25-64 who are employed to 62 per cent.
Domain: Economic Development
Outcome: Strong economic participation and development of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and communities
Numerator: Number of Indigenous Australians aged 25–64, who are employed full-time, part-time and away from work.
Denominator: Number of Indigenous Australians aged 25–64.
Computation: 100 x (numerator ÷ denominator)
  • People with ‘not stated’ employment status are excluded from the calculation (numerator and denominator).
Data source: ABS Census of Population and Housing
Notes: Data also available from ABS Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey. These data can be used as supplementary data source to monitor progress, particularly in intercensal years.

Prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).

Baseline data

Baseline data for the target measure is presented below at a national level, and for each state and territory where available. This will show starting points for each target, by jurisdiction.

Table 8.1: Employment, proportion of 25–64 year olds employed(a), 1991–2016(b)(c)(d)

Indigenous %
Year NSW VIC QLD WA SA TAS ACT NT Australia(e)
1991 43.0 51.9 46.9 36.8 46.0 53.8 65.1 34.8 43.2
1996 44.7 51.9 49.3 45.3 46.4 53.6 63.5 39.3 46.4
2001 45.6 52.0 50.4 46.9 44.7 53.0 66.0 38.5 47.0
2006 49.5 54.7 57.7 50.4 48.6 59.2 70.6 43.2 52.0
2011 51.7 55.9 54.1 47.1 47.3 59.0 69.2 42.8 51.3
2016 54.6 57.3 52.1 44.7 46.4 59.0 70.1 35.4 51.0
Non-Indigenous %
Year NSW VIC QLD WA SA TAS ACT NT Australia(e)
1991 68.2 68.7 67.6 68.0 67.6 64.6 78.5 77.5 68.2
1996 69.0 69.0 69.2 70.9 67.1 64.9 77.5 80.1 69.2
2001 70.5 71.6 70.0 71.8 69.5 65.3 78.8 80.5 70.8
2006 73.3 74.6 74.9 76.7 73.5 70.2 82.0 83.7 74.4
2011 74.4 75.8 76.1 78.3 74.7 71.8 82.8 84.6 75.7
2016 75.2 75.8 75.8 76.8 74.1 72.4 81.7 84.8 75.7

Source

Australian Census of Population and Housing, 1991-2016.

Notes

  1. This tables shows the proportion of Australians aged 25–64 years who are employed (employment-to-population ratio, referred to herein as the employment rate).
  2. The table excludes the population whose labour force status was 'not stated'; and overseas visitors.
  3. Geographical variables in this table are based on a person's Place of Usual Residence.
  4. Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. No reliance should be placed on small cells.
  5. Includes Other Territories.

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National Target Trajectory

The national target trajectories presented below reflect the possible rate of progress over the next decade to achieve the target. In practice, the rate of progress is unlikely to be the same from year to year.

The target trajectory can be compared with the two related trajectories: the projected rates of progress for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians based on the assumption the historic rate of change will continue into the future.

Prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).

Source

AIHW analysis of Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Census of Population and Housing.

Summary Table On Trajectory Chart

Line label Line Method/assumptions Annual change (percentage points) 2031 rate (%)
Historical trend: Non-Indigenous rate

Dark blue solid
Dark blue solid

Based on percentage of non-Indigenous Australians aged 25–64 who are employed, 6 data points (1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, and 2016). 0.3 . .
Continuation of 2016 non-Indigenous rate

Dark blue dashed
Dark blue dashed

Fixed rate for non-Indigenous Australians assumed at 2016 level for all future years (historical data show little change between latest 2 Censuses) 0.0
(capped at 2016 rate)
75.7
Historical trend: Indigenous rate

Green solid
Green solid

Based on percentage of Indigenous Australians aged 25–64 who are employed, 6 data points (1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, and 2016). 0.3 . .
Continuation of historical trend: Indigenous

Green dashed
Green dashed

Straight line projection based on linear regression of historical data for Indigenous Australians (using 6 data points)(a) 0.3 57.7
Target trajectory

Bright orange dashed
Bright orange dashed

Straight line projection from 2016 value to the target rate in 2031. 0.7 62.0

. . = not applicable.

  1. Based on a linear regression of historical data. As such, the projection captures drivers of historical growth rates such as population growth or government funding. Doing projections in this manner assumes that the drivers of growth will not vary greatly into the future.

Prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).

Source

AIHW analysis of Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Census of Population and Housing.