Students achieve their full learning potential
Outcome
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students achieve their full learning potential.
Target
By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (age 2024) attaining year 12 or equivalent qualification to 96 per cent.
Summary on Target
Target:  By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students (age 20–24) attaining year 12 or equivalent qualification to 96 per cent. 

Domain:  Education 
Outcome:  Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students achieve their full learning potential. 
Numerator:  Number of Indigenous Australians aged 20–24, who have attained a school qualification of Year 12 or equivalent, or attained a nonschool qualification at Certificate level III or above based on the Australian Qualifications Framework. 
Denominator:  Number of Indigenous Australians aged 20–24. 
Computation:  100 x (numerator ÷ denominator)

Data source:  ABS Census of Population and Housing 
Notes:  Data also available from ABS Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey. These data can be used as supplementary data source to monitor progress, particularly in intercensal years. 
Prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).
Baseline data
Baseline data for the target measure is presented below at a national level, and for each state and territory where available. This will show starting points for each target, by jurisdiction.
Table 5.1: Year 12 (or equivalent) attainment, proportion of 20–24 year olds who have attained Year 12 or equivalent nonschool qualification^{(a)(b)}, 2001–2016^{(c)(d)(e)}
Year  NSW  VIC  QLD  WA  SA  TAS  ACT  NT  Australia^{(f)} 

2001  42.5  48.9  50.9  32.2  31.4  44.3  66.2  13.0  39.4 
2006  47.9  53.2  56.2  37.4  39.5  54.7  63.1  16.8  45.3 
2011  53.5  59.6  60.9  43.4  48.0  54.9  68.3  27.0  51.8 
2016  64.3  69.6  69.5  57.4  61.4  62.7  77.4  37.5  63.2 
Year  NSW  VIC  QLD  WA  SA  TAS  ACT  NT  Australia^{(f)} 

2001  78.1  79.3  78.3  75.5  72.6  64.3  87.6  71.7  77.6 
2006  82.8  85.7  83.3  80.8  77.2  73.9  90.6  75.2  82.9 
2011  85.1  87.7  85.0  83.7  81.4  76.9  91.1  79.4  85.3 
2016  88.4  90.0  88.8  87.6  85.2  79.0  92.9  83.8  88.5 
Source
Australian Census of Population and Housing, 20012016.
Notes
 This table shows the proportion of 20–24 year olds who have completed Year 12 or obtained a Certificate level III or above qualification. Certificate III level or above excludes `Certificate nfd'.
 People who did not state if they had a nonschool qualification (or whose level of education was inadequately described) and did not have Year 12, are excluded from the calculation (numerator and denominator). People who did not state their highest year of school and did not have a qualification at Certificate III level or above, are also excluded. People that responded not stated or that were inadequately described to both highest year of school and nonschool qualification are excluded.
 Geographical variables in this table are based on a person's Place of Usual Residence.
 This table excludes overseas visitors.
 Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. No reliance should be placed on small cells.
 Includes Other Territories.
National Target Trajectory
The national target trajectories presented below reflect the possible rate of progress over the next decade to achieve the target. In practice, the rate of progress is unlikely to be the same from year to year.
The target trajectory can be compared with the two related trajectories: the projected rates of progress for Indigenous and nonIndigenous Australians based on the assumption the historic rate of change will continue into the future.
Prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).
Source
AIHW analysis of Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Census of Population and Housing and Survey of Education and Work data.
Summary Table On Trajectory Chart
Line label  Line  Method/assumptions  Annual change (percentage points)  2031 rate (%) 

Historical trend: NonIndigenous rate 
Dark red solid 
Percentage of nonIndigenous Australians aged 20–24 with Year 12 or equivalent qualifications, 4 data points (2001, 2006, 2011, and 2016).  0.7  . . 
Continuation of historical trend: nonIndigenous 
Dark red dashed 
The annual rate of change observed in the ABS Survey of Education and Work (SEW) for all Australians aged 2024 for the period 2008 to 2019 (12 data points) was determined using linear regression(a). SEW data are collected annually so more data points are available than from the Census. SEW data for Year 12 or equivalent in the 2024 age group shows up and down fluctuations from yeartoyear, so the longer 2008 to 2019 period was chosen instead of a more recent period to estimate the annual average change in Year 12 attainment. This annual change was then applied to the Census data for nonIndigenous Australians.  0.5  96.0 
Historical trend: Indigenous rate 
Grey blue solid 
Percentage of Indigenous Australians aged 20–24 with Year 12 or equivalent qualifications, 4 data points (2001, 2006, 2011, and 2016).  1.6  . . 
Continuation of historical trend: Indigenous 
Grey blue dashed 
Straight line projection based on linear regression of historical data for Indigenous Australians (using 4 data points)^{(a)}.  1.6  85.0 
Target trajectory 
Orange dashed 
Straight line projection from 2016 value to the target rate in 2031.  2.2  96.0 
. . = not applicable.
 Based on a linear regression of historical data. As such, the projection captures drivers of historical growth rates such as population growth or government funding. Doing projections in this manner assumes that the drivers of growth will not vary greatly into the future.
Prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).
Source
AIHW analysis of Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Census of Population and Housing and Survey of Education and Work data.