Closing the Gap

Youth are engaged in employment or education

7
Youth are engaged in employment or education

Outcome

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth are engaged in employment or education.

Target

By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth (15-24 years) who are in employment, education or training to 67 per cent.

Summary on Target

Target: By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth (15-24 years) who are in employment, education or training to 67 per cent.
Domain: Economic Development
Outcome: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth are engaged in employment or education.
Numerator: Number of Indigenous Australians aged 15–24, who are engaged in full-time study, full-time work, or combining work and study.
Denominator: Number of Indigenous Australians aged 15–24.
Computation: 100 x (numerator ÷ denominator)
  • Numerator includes people who were engaged in either full-time work or full-time study, or who combined any hours of work with any hours of study.
  • Both the numerator and denominator exclude:
    • people who were engaged in either study or in the labour force but did not provide enough information to determine if they were fully or partially engaged
    • people whose engagement status could not be determined or was not stated.
Data source: ABS Census of Population and Housing
Notes: Data include youth still attending secondary school.

Prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).

Baseline data

Baseline data for the target measure is presented below at a national level, and for each state and territory where available. This will show starting points for each target, by jurisdiction.

Table 7.1: Youth engagement, proportion of 15–24 year olds fully engaged(a) in education, employment and training in education, 2001–2016(b)(c)(d)

Indigenous %
Year NSW VIC QLD WA SA TAS ACT NT Australia(e)
2001 52.6 59.7 49.4 41.2 49.0 61.8 67.6 27.3 47.5
2006 55.1 61.1 56.5 46.5 50.4 62.2 70.5 32.3 52.3
2011 60.5 62.5 53.8 48.2 54.2 62.8 70.5 38.7 54.9
2016 61.7 65.4 55.4 51.5 57.6 62.4 73.7 40.0 57.2
Non-Indigenous %
Year NSW VIC QLD WA SA TAS ACT NT Australia(e)
2001 79.9 82.2 75.6 77.5 76.1 72.4 84.3 78.7 79.0
2006 81.3 83.1 79.8 82.6 79.1 77.2 87.0 83.0 81.4
2011 81.6 82.8 77.6 81.1 78.6 76.3 87.5 82.4 80.8
2016 81.3 81.5 76.1 78.3 77.2 74.0 86.1 81.2 79.6

Source

Australian Census of Population and Housing, 2001-2016.

Notes

  1. This table shows the proportion of young persons aged 15-24 years that are engaged full-time in work or study or in a combination of both work and study (regardless of hours for each). Records where not enough information was provided to determine level of engagement, not stated and inadequately described records are excluded from the denominator.
  2. Geographical variables in this table are based on a person's Place of Usual Residence.
  3. This table excludes overseas visitors.
  4. Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. No reliance should be placed on small cells.
  5. Includes Other Territories

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National Target Trajectory

The national target trajectories presented below reflect the possible rate of progress over the next decade to achieve the target. In practice, the rate of progress is unlikely to be the same from year to year.

The target trajectory can be compared with the two related trajectories: the projected rates of progress for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians based on the assumption the historic rate of change will continue into the future.

Prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).

Source

AIHW analysis of Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Census of Population and Housing.

Summary Table On Trajectory Chart

Line label Line Method/assumptions Annual change (percentage points) 2031 rate (%)
Historical trend: Non-Indigenous rate

Brown solid
Brown solid

Percentage of non-Indigenous Australians aged 15–24 who were engaged in full-time study, full-time work, or combining work and study, 4 data points (2001, 2006, 2011, and 2016). 0.02 . .
Continuation of 2016 non-Indigenous rate

Brown dashed
Brown dashed

Fixed rate for non-Indigenous Australians assumed at 2016 level for all future years (historical data show little change). 0.0
(capped at 2016 rate)
79.6
Historical trend: Indigenous rate

Light brown solid
Light brown solid

Percentage of Indigenous Australians aged 15–24 who were engaged in full-time study, full-time work, or combining work and study, 4 data points (2001, 2006, 2011, and 2016). 0.7 . .
Continuation of historical trend: Indigenous

Light brown dashed
Light brown dashed

Straight line projection based on linear regression of historical data for Indigenous Australians (using 4 data points) (a). 0.7 67.2
Target trajectory

Green dashed
Green dashed

Straight line projection from 2016 value to the target rate in 2031. 0.7 67.0

. . = not applicable.

  1. Based on a linear regression of historical data. As such, the projection captures drivers of historical growth rates such as population growth or government funding. Doing projections in this manner assumes that the drivers of growth will not vary greatly into the future.

Prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).

Source

AIHW analysis of Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Census of Population and Housing.