7B. Table B: Outcome 11

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people are not overrepresented in the criminal justice system

Target 11: By 2031, reduce the rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people (10-17 years) in detention by at least 30 per cent.



  • Un-sentenced detention rates
  • Average time in detention for unsentenced youth
  • Proportion of young alleged offenders (10-17 years) involved in police proceedings including charges and summons, cautions, diversions
  • Proportion of young people convicted and sentenced, by type of sentence (community supervision, detention)
  • Entrant rate to detention – newly sentenced to youth detention
  • Proportion of youth under community supervision transitioning to detention
  • Young people returning to detention or community supervision
  • Proportion of young people first coming into youth justice system aged 10-13 (offending and courts data, first entry to detention)

Contextual information:

  • Community supervision trends
    • proportion of young people in detention who had received child protection services (including out-of-home care)
  • Proportion exiting detention, by reason
  • Progress towards parity


  • Geographic area (jurisdiction, remoteness, other geographic categories available)
  • Socio-economic status of the locality
  • Age (10-13, 14-17 year olds)
  • Gender

Data Development:

Explore options to measure and report:

  • disaggregation of police contact by caution, charges, prosecution, and diversion (by type)
  • detentions by offence type
  • reasons for young people being placed on remand
  • access to services at first interaction with criminal justice system, by type and availability
  • training provided and undertaken by police and workers engaging with youth, including cultural safety and trauma-informed practice
  • access to services in detention (health, trauma, mental health and wellbeing, cultural engagement and support of young people in detention
  • disaggregation of data by:
    • disability status, including prevalence of neurodevelopmental impairment and foetal alcohol spectrum disorder
    • geographic area of residence/offending
  • consistent definitions of youth detention and recidivism across jurisdictions
  • rates of death in prison custody of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth prisoners, by cause of death
  • proportion of young people in detention who had:
    • experienced domestic and family violence, abuse/neglect
    • received alcohol and other drug treatment services (ongoing reporting)
    • received specialist homelessness services
    • experienced mental health issues
    • been expelled or suspended from school
    • access to culturally secure services and programs while in detention, by type and timing of service