7B. Table B: Outcome 5

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students achieve their full learning potential

Target 5: By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (age 20-24) attaining year 12 or equivalent qualification to 96 per cent.



  • School attendance
  • School retention rates
  • At or above National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) minimum standards in reading, writing and numeracy for Years, 3, 5, 7 and 9
  • Mean scores of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 15-year olds in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) test

Contextual information:

  • Mean score of NAPLAN reading, writing and numeracy for Years, 3, 5, 7 and 9
  • Rates of highest education/training level completed (for those not completing Year 12 or equivalent)
  • Progress towards parity


  • States/territories
  • Remoteness areas
  • Socio-economic status of the locality
  • Year 12 vs Certificate III or above completions (Certificate III but without year 12)
  • Gender
  • Disability status

Data Development:

Explore options to measure and report:

  • Year 12 completions, based on school administrative records
  • completion of Certificate II and III or higher by those who do not have Year 12, based on Vocational Education and Training (VET) administrative records
  • disability status (severe/profound disability status) and disability type (physical, cognitive, sensory, social/emotional)
  • student experiences of racism
  • parent highest level of education, and employment status
  • barriers to attendance and support required to complete Year 12 (for those who have not completed Year 12)
  • proportion studying ATAR eligible Year 12 program, and Australian Tertiary Admission Rate (ATAR) score
  • English as an Additional Language/Dialect student