7B. Table B: Outcome 9

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people secure appropriate, affordable housing that is aligned with their priorities and need

Target 9: By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in appropriately sized (not overcrowded) housing to 88 per cent.



  • Change in population by location
  • Change in social housing dwellings by location

Contextual information:

  • Home ownership rate (including by location and tenure type)
  • Homelessness rate including by type (e.g. Transitional housing/sleeping rough) and age group
  • Structural problems including functional health hardware Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) measure of acceptable standard of housing)
  • Low income household experiencing rental stress/mortgage stress
  • Social housing dwellings per 100 households by location
  • Progress towards parity


  • States/territories
  • Remoteness areas
  • Other small geographic areas (where possible)
  • Socio-economic status of the locality
  • Disability status
  • Gender
  • Age group
  • Overcrowding status (1, 2, 3, 4 or more additional bedrooms required)
  • Tenure type

Data Development:

Explore options to measure and report:

  • levels of overcrowding specific to Australian conditions
  • proximity to services (in addition to the ABS’ current remoteness structure reporting)
  • affordable living (including cost of electricity, transport costs, etc.)
  • environmental health outcomes (e.g. rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease)
  • environmental health activities (e.g. programs, services and partnerships)
  • family and kin obligations that lead to overcrowding (temporary or permanent)
  • social housing, including:
    • transfers from social housing to private rental and/or home ownership
    • satisfaction of social housing tenants with amenities, location, and maintenance services
    • social housing dwellings as a proportion of all dwellings